Qualified personnel refers to State-approved or State-recognized certification, licensing, registration, or other comparable requirements that apply to the professional discipline in which those personnel are providing special education or related services.

Receptive language refers to the ability to understand spoken, written and/or visual communication. This includes the identification of objects and pictures, understanding directives, responding to your name, and following the dynamic of a conversation.

Re-evaluation should take place at least once every three years and involves the review of a student's need for special education programs and services, and the revision of the Individualized Educational Program or IEP, as appropriate. A re-evaluation may also occur when requested by a parent or teacher.

Referral means that a child may be in need of special education services. Referrals should be in writing. A referral sets certain timelines in place.

Regression is said to occur when a child or individual loses the ability to perform previously acquired skills due to a decrease, temporary withdrawal, or termination, of special education support services.

Related services refer to services that are necessary for a child to benefit from special education. These services include speech and language pathology and audiology, psychological, physical therapy, occupational therapy, recreation, early identification and assessment, counseling, rehabilitation counseling, orientation and mobility services, school health services, social work services, and parent counseling and family training.

Remediation is the process by which an individual receives instruction and practice in skills that are weak or nonexistent in an effort to develop and strengthen those skills.

Resource room refers to a room set up in a public school to provide assistance to children in subjects where they are having trouble. Resource rooms are classrooms (sometimes smaller classrooms) where a special education program can be delivered to a student with a disability. It is for the student who qualifies for either a special class or regular class placement but needs some special instruction in an individualized or small group setting for a portion of the day. Individual needs are supported in resource rooms as defined by the student's Individualized Educational Program or IEP.

Response to Intervention (RTI) refers to the use of research-based instruction and interventions for students who are at risk for and who are suspected of having specific learning disabilities. The emphasis of RTI is to focus on providing more effective instruction by encouraging earlier intervention for students experiencing difficulty learning to read.

Rett Syndrome or RS is a rare condition in the category of Pervasive Developmental Disorders or PDD. It is characterized as a unique developmental disorder that is first recognized in infancy and seen almost always in girls, but can be rarely seen in boys. Rett syndrome causes problems in brain function that are responsible for cognitive, sensory, social and emotional development, motor and autonomic function. These can include learning, speech, sensory sensations, mood, movement, breathing, cardiac function, and even chewing, swallowing, and digestion.

School age with regard to special education refers to students between the ages of 5 and 21 years.

Screening refers to a process used to measure a child's developmental status to indicate what type of evaluation, if any, is warranted.

Self-help skills refer to behaviors of persons which enable them to care for themselves in the areas of feeding, dressing, bathing, and toileting.

Sensory Integration or SI refers to the process of receiving, organizing, and interpreting information that forms the basis for motor planning, learning, and behavior. When this process is disorganized, it is called Sensory Integration Dysfunction.

Sensory Integration Dysfunction or Sensory Impairment is considered a neurological disorder that results from the brain's inability to integrate certain information received from the body's five basic sensory systems. These sensory systems are responsible for detecting sights, sounds, smell, tastes, temperatures, pain, and the position and movements of the body. The brain then forms a combined picture of this information in order for the body to make sense of its surroundings and react to them appropriately. The ongoing relationship between behavior and brain functioning is called Sensory Integration or SI. Sensory integration provides a crucial foundation for later, more complex learning and behavior.

Sensory integration gym refers to a facility that is designed to provide therapeutic intervention to students who have sensory integration dysfunction or sensory impairment.

Sensory motor foundation skills rely on the interaction of sensation and movement. We receive sensory information from our bodies and the environment through our senses. This sensory information then needs to be organized and processed in order to be able to produce an appropriate motor or movement response that makes it possible to be successful in our daily tasks.

Service Coordinator refers to a person who works in partnership with the family of an infant or toddler with a disability to provide support and services that help the family to coordinate and obtain their rights under the Early Intervention Program or EIP and services agreed upon in the Individualized Family Service Plan.

Social and emotional development and social interaction skills involve relating to others. This area emphasizes many skills that increase self-awareness and self-regulation. Research shows that social skills and emotional development (reflected in the ability to pay attention, make transitions from one activity to another, and cooperate with others) are a very important part of school readiness.

Social history means a report of information gathered and prepared by qualified professionals pertaining to the interpersonal, familial, and environmental variables which influence a student's general adaptation to school, including but not limited to, data on family composition, family history, and developmental history of the student, health of the student, family interaction, and school adjustment of the student.

Social Worker refers to a qualified professional trained to talk with individuals and their families about educational, therapeutic, emotional, or physical needs, and to find them support services.

Social work services are family-directed services, including parent counseling and family training, and support.

Special Class or SC refers to a class for children with disabilities.

Special Class in an Integrated Setting or SCIS refers to a class for preschool children with and without disabilities.

Special Education Itinerant Teacher or SEIT is a licensed special education teacher who is able to work with young children with disabilities participating in early childhood programs. The Special Education Itinerant Teacher or SEIT serves children in different groups and/or programs, and therefore "travels" from group to group or program to program.

Special education preschool program means a special education program approved to provide special education programs and services and to conduct evaluations of preschool students with disabilities, if such program has a multidisciplinary evaluation component.

Special education services or Special instruction refers to the designing of learning environments and activities that promote a child's or individual's development. This includes providing information, modeling, training and support to positively affect the development and maintenance of skills.

Special Education Teacher or Instructor means a person, including a Special Education Itinerant Teacher or SEIT, who works with children and individuals who have a variety of disabilities. Special education teachers assist students in the development of cognitive, communication, social and emotional, adaptive, fine motor and gross motor skills. Special Education teachers can offer direct and indirect consultation services to general education professionals in order to meet a student's individualized annual goals.

Special needs refer to a child or individual who has a disability or developmental delay and is eligible for special education services.

Speech and language disorders refer to problems in communication and related areas such as oral motor function necessary for functional speech and feeding.

Speech and Language Pathologists or SLP's are trained health care professionals that help people develop their communicative abilities as well as treat speech and language disorders, feeding problems, swallowing and voice disorders. Their services include prevention, identification, evaluation, treatment, and rehabilitation.

Speech and language pathology services are related services that include identifying and diagnosing speech and language disorders, as well as delivering speech and language therapy, counseling, and guidance.

Speech and language therapy may include, depending upon the nature and severity of the disorder, common treatments that range from physical strengthening exercises, instructive or repetitive practice and drilling, to the use of audio-visual aids and introduction of strategies to facilitate functional communication. Speech and language therapy may also include sign language and the use of picture symbols or Augmentative Communication Devices or ACD's.

Stages of development refer to building on the successful completion of earlier stages of development. Challenges in development involve those stages not successfully attained by an expected age.

Student with a disability means a student with a disability who has not attained the age of 21 prior to September 1st and who is entitled to attend public schools and who, because of mental, physical, or emotional reasons, has been identified as having a disability thus requiring special education services and programs approved by the Department of Education.

Swallowing disorder or dysphagia is a condition that suggests difficulty in the passage of solids or liquids from the mouth to the stomach.

PARENTS CORNER